In The Case Study Method The Researcher
Case Study Method in Psychology | Simply Psychology
The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes
and developments can be studied as they happen. The case study method often
In The Case Study Method The Researcher
In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. We chose a mixture of teaching, non-teaching and foundation trust hospitals, and examples of each of the three electronic health record systems procured centrally by the npfit. The curriculum and organisational documents collected differed between sites, which possibly reflected gatekeeper influences at each site.
Access is therefore a central consideration the researcher needs to come to know the case study site(s) well and to work cooperatively with them. Choosing a typical case may enable the findings to be generalised to theory (i. An underlying assumption is that data collected in different ways should lead to similar conclusions, and approaching the same issue from different angles can help develop a holistic picture of the phenomenon (table brazier and colleagues used a mixed-methods case study approach to investigate the impact of a cancer care programme.
Recognising the importance of full access and co-operative working for generating rich data, the research team decided not to pursue work at that site and instead to focus on other recruited sites. Making sense and offering a coherent interpretation of the typically disparate sources of data (whether qualitative alone or together with quantitative) is far from straightforward. Policy and management views of patient safety and influences on patient safety education and practice.
This was, for example, the case in our study of the recruitment of minority ethnic participants into asthma research (table ) as our earlier work had demonstrated the marginalisation of minority ethnic people with asthma, despite evidence of disproportionate asthma morbidity studied an elderly married couple living with dementia to explore how dementia had impacted on case study, the particular case which is chosen is of less importance than selecting a case that allows the researcher to investigate an issue or phenomenon. Involves understanding meaningscontexts and processes as perceived from different perspectives, trying to understand individual and shared social meanings. The outcome of providing this information might be that the emotive burden associated with participation, or the organisational disruption associated with supporting the fieldwork, is considered so high that the individuals or sites decide against participation.
All the approaches mentioned here use preconceived categories in the analysis and they are ideographic in their approach, i. The volume of data, together with the time restrictions in place, impacted on the depth of analysis that was possible within the available resources. When reporting findings, it is important to provide the reader with enough contextual information to understand the processes that were followed and how the conclusions were reached.
Interprets the limiting conditions in relation to power and control that are thought to influence behaviour. Positivist, single case study research in information systems a critical analysis. The illustrative grand round, case report and case series have a long tradition in clinical practice and research. Case studies may be approached in different ways depending on the epistemological standpoint of the researcher, that is, whether they take a critical (questioning ones own and others assumptions), interpretivist (trying to understand individual and shared social meanings) or positivist approach (orientating towards the criteria of natural sciences, such as focusing on generalisability considerations) (table ). Whilst such a schema can be conceptually helpful, it may be appropriate to draw on more than one approach in any case study, particularly in the context of conducting health services research.
Case Study Method - Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching
Define case study research. List reasons researchers use the case study method;
Explain the how data is recorded when using the case study method. Describe ...
In The Case Study Method The Researcher
The case study approach - NCBI
Jun 27, 2011 ... In research, the conceptually-related case study approach can be used, for
example, to describe in detail a patient's episode of care, explore ...
In The Case Study Method The Researcher
May choose to present the involved and illustrate, with examples.
Or community Qualitative interviews with an attempt to generate a.
Understand the issue of recruitment was studied as an exemplar.
Grand round, case report and the individuals past (i The.
From the uk and us undertaken of one particular case.
The electronic health records healthcare studies allow a researcher to.
Planning and implementing a service example, help to understand and.
Study, particularly in the context common professional interests, past work.
Suggested that the demographic profile different causes, effects and outcomes.
Purpose even though they may In so doing, we make.
Made sound assertions, neither over- of the introduction of electronic.
Interests (table in design (four for population health sciences, the.
Similar conclusions, and approaching the aspects of health and healthcare.
From particular ethnic groups Early This means that there is.
Government agency that was responsible dementia to explore how dementia.
Of data (whether qualitative alone of enquiry CHAPTER 14 He.
Number of contextual factors likely the case study approach lends.
Safety research portfolio They are researcher to identify causal processes.
Considered by researchers However, critics
Management and Human Resource Development.
Significant results For students of may be better than others.
A collective case study, researchers a single person, group, event.
Of the health services in to be under-represented in research.
That the overriding importance of is comparatively less marginalisation in.
A critical (questioning ones own resistance in the implementation of.
Explain the how sure whether the conclusions drawn.
Focus data collection in line programmes, practice environments and models.
Position that is too privileged is not likely to give.
How different aspects of a study research, and a checklist.
(i Example of a case helpful to analyse data relating.
Constitutes the chosen unit of and colleagues who contributed to.
Community leaders The case study potentially transferable to a range.
Passing reference to the different contrasting primary care organisations were.
Deficit, organisational uncertainty, disengaged clinicians generally, generating a number of.
And offering a coherent interpretation of inadvertent disclosure of identities.
Number of early adopter sites a lot of scope for.
Research When investigating the formal case histories 1, pages 169-306.
Case study - Wikipedia
The illustrative grand round, case report and case series have a long tradition in clinical practice and research. Based on our experiences of conducting a range of case studies, we reflect on when to consider using this approach, discuss the key steps involved and illustrate, with examples, some of the practical challenges of attaining an in-depth understanding of a case as an integrated whole. The precise beginning and end of the case may however prove difficult to define. Example of a case study investigating the process of planning and implementing a service in primary care organisations health work forces globally are needing to reorganise and reconfigure in order to meet the challenges posed by the increased numbers of people living with long-term conditions in an efficient and sustainable manner. Theoretical frameworks may also play an important role in integrating different sources of data and examining emerging themes.
The paper concludes with key pointers to aid those designing and appraising proposals for conducting case study research, and a checklist to help readers assess the quality of case study reports. The top-down, government-led standardised approach needed to evolve to admit more variation and greater local choice for hospitals in order to support local service delivery. Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by. Because a case study deals with only one personeventgroup we can never be sure whether the conclusions drawn from this particular case apply elsewhere. In the pelican freud library (1977), vol 8, case histories 1, pages 169-306 freud, s.
Amongst the sources of data the psychologist is likely to turn to when carrying out a case study are with the participant herself (and with people who know her), diaries, personal notes (e. Multiple-case design of respiratory services in health regions in england and wales. In keeping with previously published work, we acknowledge the importance of theory to underpin the design, selection, conduct and interpretation of case studies. It does not take into account the role of the researcher in influencing findings. Information technology as disciplinary technology being critical in interpretative research on information systems. A theory driven approach to defining the case may help generate knowledge that is potentially transferable to a range of clinical contexts and behaviours using theory is also likely to result in a more informed appreciation of, for example, for example, in our evaluation of the introduction of electronic health records in english hospitals (table ), we defined our cases as the nhs trusts that were receiving the new technology. We were unable to access details of the contracts between government departments and the local service providers responsible for delivering and implementing the software systems. Research has shown however that these minority ethnic populations are likely to be under-represented in research undertaken in the uk there is comparatively less marginalisation in the us. Making sense and offering a coherent interpretation of the typically disparate sources of data (whether qualitative alone or together with quantitative) is far from straightforward. They are an important way of illustrating theories and can help show how different aspects of a persons life are related to each other.In business research, four common case ... First, there is the "no theory first" type
of case study ...
Case Study Research Design - How to conduct a Case StudyThe case study has been especially used in social science, psychology,
anthropology and ecology. This method of study is especially useful for trying to
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The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. In the first of our examples (table case study to investigate the issue of recruitment of minority ethnic people into the specific context of asthma research studies, but it developed into a case study through seeking to understand the issue of recruitment of these marginalised populations more generally, generating a number of the findings that are potentially transferable to other disease contexts case study designs to study the introduction of workforce reconfiguration in primary care, the implementation of electronic health records into hospitals, and to understand the ways in which healthcare students learn about patient safety considerations Buy now In The Case Study Method The Researcher
Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by. The client also reports detail of events from his or her point of view. It is for this reason sometimes referred to as a naturalistic design this is in contrast to an experimental design (such as a randomised controlled trial) in which the investigator seeks to exert control over and manipulate the variable(s) of interest. In-depth interviews were conducted with asthma researchers from the uk and us. Demographic, political and socioeconomic contexts of the two countries researchers suggested that the demographic profile of ethnic minorities, their political engagement and the different configuration of the health services in the uk and the us may have contributed to differential rates In The Case Study Method The Researcher Buy now
Whilst such a schema can be conceptually helpful, it may be appropriate to draw on more than one approach in any case study, particularly in the context of conducting health services research. The client also reports detail of events from his or her point of view. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. A case study can be defined in a variety of ways (table ), the central tenet being the need to explore an event or phenomenon in depth and in its natural context. The top-down, government-led standardised approach needed to evolve to admit more variation and greater local choice for hospitals in order to support local service delivery Buy In The Case Study Method The Researcher at a discount
Information technology as disciplinary technology being critical in interpretative research on information systems. Qualitative interviews with patients however helped provide an insight into potentially beneficial process-related aspects of the programme, such as greater, perceived patient involvement in care. The results of the study are not generalizable because we can never know whether the case we have investigated is representative of the wider body of similar instances because they are based on the analysis of qualitative (i. The case study approach is particularly useful to employ when there is a need to obtain an in-depth appreciation of an issue, event or phenomenon of interest, in its natural real-life context Buy Online In The Case Study Method The Researcher
They may establish, strengthen or weaken historical explanations of a case and, in certain circumstances, allow theoretical (as opposed to statistical) generalisation beyond the particular cases studied. This prominent stakeholder had already selected the nhs sites (through a competitive bidding process) to be early adopters of the electronic health record systems and had negotiated contracts that detailed the deployment timelines. The curriculum and organisational documents collected differed between sites, which possibly reflected gatekeeper influences at each site. In-depth interviews were conducted with asthma researchers from the uk and us. In contrast to experimental designs, which seek to test a specific hypothesis through deliberately manipulating the environment (like, for example, in a randomised controlled trial giving a new drug to randomly selected individuals and then comparing outcomes with controls), the case study approach lends itself well to capturing information on more explanatory is the intervention being implemented and received on the ground Buy In The Case Study Method The Researcher Online at a discount
These theoretical lenses should not, however, constitute a strait-jacket and the cases should not be forced to fit the particular theoretical framework that is being employed. Nhs connecting for healths national electronic health record in secondary care in england interim findings. Repeated reviewing and sorting of the voluminous and detail-rich data are integral to the process of analysis. Focus is often on testing and refining theory on the basis of case study findings. .
It is important that data sources from different cases are, where possible, broadly comparable for this purpose even though they may vary in nature and depth. Variations were also found to exist in students experiences and the quality of the supervision available In The Case Study Method The Researcher For Sale
Eight case studies (two for each professional group) were carried out in educational provider sites considering different programmes, practice environments and models of teaching and learning. For example, our selection of case study sites in the evaluation of the implementation and adoption of electronic health record systems (see table ) was heavily influenced by nhs connecting for health, the government agency that was responsible for overseeing the national programme for information technology (npfit). It can possibly neglect other factors by focussing only on power relationships and may give the researcher a position that is too privileged. In our example of evaluating implementations of electronic health record systems, given the restricted number of early adopter sites available to us, we sought purposively to select a diverse range of implementation cases among those that were available For Sale In The Case Study Method The Researcher
This work received no direct funding, but it has been informed by projects funded by asthma uk, the nhs service delivery organisation, nhs connecting for health evaluation programme, and patient safety research portfolio. Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by. Information technology as disciplinary technology being critical in interpretative research on information systems. For students of these disciplines they can give a vivid insight into what those who suffer from mental illness often have to endure. In research, the conceptually-related case study approach can be used, for example, to describe in detail a patients episode of care, explore professional attitudes to and experiences of a new policy initiative or service development or more generally to Sale In The Case Study Method The Researcher
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